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HIV VIRAL LOAD

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REASON FOR TESTING OF HIV VIRAL LOAD


It is ordered by clinician for the HIV infected individual in following cases to :

  • Show how well your HIV treatment is controlling the virus
  • Provide health information on your health status.

WHAT IS BEING TESTED IN HIV VIRAL LOAD


The term “viral load” refers to the amount of HIV in a sample of your blood. When your viral load is high, you have more HIV in your body, and that means your immune system is not fighting HIV as well. A viral load test helps provide information on your health status and how well antiretroviral therapy (ART - treatment with HIV medicines) is controlling the virus.


INTERPRETATION OF HIV VIRAL LOAD TEST RESULT


It is usually expressed as the copies/ml and its relative increase or decrease provide valuable information regarding the efficacy of Anti-retroviral treatment and it also provide overall health status of the HIV positive patient .

A low viral load of 40 to 500 copies/ ml signifies good therapeutic index. It signifies that HIV is not actively replicating and the disease progression is slow.


HIV VIRAL LOAD REFERENCE RANGE


Not applicable


HIV VIRAL LOAD RELATED TESTS


CD4 Count-provide prognostic information about health status of patient. (Link CD4 COUNT )

HIV Genotyping - provide information regarding the resistance developed in patient of HIV hence it help clinician to provide better Anti-retroviral treatment to patient. (link HIV Genotyping)

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