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HIV I & II / HIV CARD / HIV RAPID

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REASON FOR TESTING OF HIV I & II / HIV CARD / HIV RAPID


It is advised in individuals with have risk factors like:

  • Has an partner who is HIV positive
  • Is a man who has had sex with another man
  • Had unprotected sex with more than one partner and is not sure of HIV status of others.
  • Has used recreational drugs by injection, especially by needle exchange.
  • Has had sex with anyone who falls into one of the categories listed above or is uncertain about their sexual partner's risk behaviours.
  • Patients of Tuberculosis, Hepatitis and other Sexually transmitted Diseases.
  • A health care worker who is in direct contact of blood and body secretions.

WHAT IS BEING TESTED IN HIV I & II / HIV CARD / HIV RAPID


Antibodies are produced by the body in reaction to the presence of a virus. An HIV antibody test measures the presence of antibodies in response to the presence of HIV.It usually comes positive after 4 to 6 weeks.


INTERPRETATION OF HIV I & II / HIV CARD / HIV RAPID TEST RESULT


REACTIVE-implies presence of antibodies to HIV

NON REACTIVE- implies absence of antibodies .In window period rapid card will be negative.

ALL REACTIVE CASES need to be confirmed by Western Blot

HIV I & II / HIV CARD / HIV RAPID REFERENCE RANGE


NOT APPLICABLE


HIV I & II / HIV CARD / HIV RAPID RELATED TEST


WESTERN BLOT -Confirmatory test for HIV. (Link Western Blot)

Additional test ( to be done only in HIV positive patients )


CD4 COUNT -provide prognostic information about health status of patient. (Link CD4 COUNT) HIV viral load -provide valuable prognostic information of the patient on treatment. (Link HIV viral load) HIV Genotyping -provide information regarding the resistance developed in patient of HIV hence it help clinician to provide better Anti-retroviral treatment to patient. (Link HIV Genotyping)
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