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HEPATITIS C

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REASON FOR TESTING OF HEPATITIS C


Hepatitis C test is ordered as screening in following conditions:

  • Are children born to HCV-positive women
  • Have been exposed to someone with hepatitis C
  • Have evidence of chronic liver disease
  • Are health care, emergency medicine, or public safety workers who had needle sticks, sharps, or mucosal exposure to HCV-positive blood
  • Have evidence of chronic liver disease
  • Were ever on long-term dialysis
  • Have HIV
  • Have ever injected illegal drugs

WHAT IS BEING TESTED IN HEPATITIS C


HCV Antibody-provide information regarding the antibody to the virus and confirms about the presence of infection.

HCV RNA-It is a kind of qualitative test that detect presence of RNA in the blood hence confirms recent infection.

HCV VIRAL LOAD (QUANTITATIVE PCR)-it detect the number viral RNA copies in blood hence helpful to monitor therapy response of the patient.

HCV GENOTYPING-ordered before the start of therapy so that its success can be assessed.

INTERPRETATION OF HEPATITIS C TEST RESULT


HCV Antibody-It is reported as Positive or Negative which confers the presence of infection only.

HCV RNA-positive result signifies recent infection.

HCV VIRAL LOAD (QUANTITATIVE PCR)-High or increasing titre signifies that the treatment is not successful hence change in therapy is required.

HCV GENOTYPING-it identify the kind of virus genotype person is infected with and hence guides in the treatment of the patient regarding efficacy of therapy associated with particular genotype.

HEPATITIS C TEST REFERENCE RANGE


NOT APPLICABLE


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