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TSH Test / Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Test


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TSH Test / Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Test


TSH or Thyroid Stimulating Hormone is produced by the pituitary gland present at the base of the brain. TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) regulates the functioning of thyroid gland and the production of T3 and T4 hormones through it. T3 and T4 regulate multiple functions of the body including metabolism, energy generation and mood control.

In a way, pituitary gland and thyroid gland function together to produce the optimum level of T3 and T4 hormones in the body. When a higher amount of TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) is produced, a condition called hyperthyroidism may occur. A person suffering from hyperthyroidism may lose weight, have tremors or feel anxious. If a lower level of TSH is produced, a person may experience weight gain, lack of energy, depressive mood, dry skin and some other ailments. This condition is called hypothyroidism 2% of population suffer from hypothyroidism.

For patients with symptoms of thyroid disorder, TSH Test (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone test) which measures the level of TSH in blood, may be ordered alone or as a part of Thyroid Function Test or Thyroid Profile.


Hyperthyroidism


If excessive hormones are produced, then a person may lose weight, have tremors or feel anxious. This condition is called hyperthyroidism.

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism:
  • Fatigue or muscle weakness.
  • Hand tremors.
  • Mood swings.
  • Nervousness or anxiety.
  • Rapid heartbeat.
  • Heart palpitations or irregular heartbeat.
  • Skin dryness.
  • Trouble sleeping
TSH Test Hyperthyroidism

Hypothyroidism


If the thyroid gland does not produce enough levels of T3 and T4, a condition called hypothyroidism, a person may experience weight gain, lack of energy, depressive mood, dry skin and some other ailments. 2% of population suffer from hypothyroidism.


Symptoms of Hypothyroidism
  • Fatigue.
  • Weakness.
  • Weight gain or increased difficulty losing weight.
  • Coarse, dry hair.
  • Dry, rough pale skin.
  • Hair loss.
  • Cold intolerance (you can't tolerate cold temperatures like those around you)
  • Muscle cramps and frequent muscle aches.
TSH Test Hypothyroidism


Interpretation of test result for TSH Test


Disease /Condition TSH

Euthyroid

N

Subclinical Hypothyroidism

H

Hypothyroid

H

Subclinical Hyperthyroidism

L

Hyperthyroid

L

Pregnancy (high TBG)

N

T3 Thyrotoxicosis

L

Note: N = normal; L = low; H = high;


Reference range for TSH Test (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Test)


Typical reference ranges for normal thyroids.


Test From To Units
TSH 0.4 4.5

mU/L (milliunits per litre)


For more information on TSH Test, Thyroid Stimulating Hormones, Hyperthyroidism or Hypothyroidism check out other resources:


Know Cost of TSH Test/Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Test in Different Cities In India



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